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Top 10 In-Demand Programming Languages 2020

Various New Programming languages are getting into the limelight for making the different app development processes more efficient.

And existing are updating to withstand their place in the list. 

Top 10 In-Demand Programming Languages 2020

We are living in a world where technology is playing a huge role.  Understandably, ambitious developers would like to know what language to learn. 

Deciding which programming language to learn will impact your future.

so, let’s dwell into the top 10 In-Demand Programming languages in 2020

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Python has been taking the world by storm since the last decade with each passing year.

‘Programming Language Hall of Fame’ by TIOBE in 2018. And according to the 2019’s StackOverflow’s Developer Survey, Python is the 2nd most loved programming language in the world. It has become one of the most high-in-demand technologies around the world. 

Python developer’s salary in INDIA is significantly higher at an average 500k per annum for the beginners. 

Python is a general-purpose and high-level programming language. You can use Python for developing desktop GUI applications, websites, and web applications.

Also, Python, as a high-level programming language, allows you to focus on the core functionality of the application by taking care of common programming tasks. 

Python is not a disruptive programming language, This is focused on developer experience and tried to lower the barrier to programming. Python 3  introduced significant changes in 2008. 

The USP of Python is its language design. It has influenced modern languages li GO, JULIA. 

Check out online courses to learn Python

The Main use of Python

  • Data Science
  • GUI based desktop applications (Games, Scientific Applications)
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Operating Systems
  • Web Development
  • Prototyping

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Owned by the Oracle corporation. Java was designed to have the feel of the C++ language, But it is simpler to use than C++ and enforce an object-oriented programming model. Java has achieved Platform independence by developing Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which abstracted the low-level operating system from developers. 

According to the 2019 StackOverflow Developer Survey, Java has scored 41.1 %, As a 5th loved programming language and 2nd in 2018.  

An average salary of a beginner is 451k per annum and with 17.67 % Popularity, Java is 2nd in the USA.

Java offers a powerful, feature-rich, multi-paradigm, interpreted programming language with a moderate learning curve and high developer productivity.

Java provides GUI development through various means like Abstract Windowing Toolkit (AWT), Swing, and JavaFX.

While AWT contains several pre-constructed components such as the menu, button, list, and numerous third-party components, Swing, a GUI widget toolkit, additionally provide certain advanced components like trees, tables.

JavaFX, a set of graphics and media packages, provides Swing interoperability, 3D graphic features, and a self-contained deployment model that facilitates quick scripting of Java applets and applications.

The Main use of JAVA

  • Web Development
  • Android Application
  • DevOps
  • Desktop Applications
  • Big Data

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JavaScript is used for web development, to add interactivity to a website in the form of games, buttons, dynamic styling, animations, and forms.

It was invented by Brendan Eich, co-founder of the Mozilla project, the Mozilla Foundation, and the Mozilla Corporation.

JavaScript is one of the most top-ranked programming languages because of its ubiquitous use in platforms and mass adoption.

Also, the StackOverflow developer survey 2019 has ranked Javascript as the most popular programming language. 11th place in most loved, 7th in the TIOBE and In India average salary is 526k per annum.

JavaScript has a core language, with added flexibility through additional development tools. These unlock extra functionality with minimum effort.

For example, you can easily integrate with third-party content providers like Twitter and Facebook via an API.

As the complexity of applications increased, the need for more advanced features arose for JavaScript. The architecture that the developer uses depends on the need of the application

JavaScript is a text-based programming language used both on the client-side and server-side that allows you to make web pages interactive.

Where as HTML and CSS are languages that give structure and style to web pages, JavaScript gives web pages interactive elements that engage a user. 

Want to learn more about JavaScript? refer to this guide

The main use of JAVASCRIPT

  • Web development
  • Backend development
  • Mobile, Smartwatch Application
  • Game Development
  • Serverless Computing

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4. C/ C++

Over the years, C became one of the most used programming languages. Besides, C is arguably the most disruptive and influential programming language in history and has influenced almost all other languages on this list.

C is the oldest programming language on this list.

Ranked 8th in the programming languages by the StackOverflow Survey.  Ranked 2nd in the most popular by TIOBE. Dominating in the industry for 47 years.

Google Trends also shows interest in C over the last five years. And according to TIOBE IN JUNE 2020, C IS THE TOP RATED WITH 1ST PLACE.  

C++ also offers full control over hardware but with the cost of accidental complexity and does not provide language-level support for memory safety and concurrency safety.

Also, C++ offers too many features and is one of the most complicated programming languages to master.  

C++ is the second oldest programming language. Ranked 4th in the TIOBE programming language ranking. In 2019, Ranked 6th most popular In StackOverflow Developer survey.

With 6.02% popularity, 6th most popular programming language along with C language and the average salary in India is 380k for the beginner

 The main use of C / C++                    

  • System Programming
  • Game Development
  • IoT and real-time systems
  • Machine Learning
  • Embedded System

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Ruby has evolved into an interpreted, dynamically typed, high-level, multiple-paradigm general-purpose programming language.

It has combined some of the best features of programming languages successfully: dynamic, object-oriented, functional, garbage-collected, and concise.

Although Ruby itself is not disruptive, its Web development framework Ruby on Rails is probably the most disruptive and influential Server-side Web development framework.   

The StackOverflow developer survey 2019 discovered that Ruby is the sixth most paid language globally.  Ranked 3rd in the TechRepublic. In 2020, Ruby ranked the 11th most popular programming language.

If you’re planning on starting a career in software development, Ruby is a great programming language to start with.

Ruby is most used for building web applications. However, it is a general-purpose language similar to Python, so it has many other applications like data analysis, prototyping, and proof of concepts.

There are several highly visible applications created by Ruby developers with Rails. These include the popular booking site AirBnBand the TV streaming service Hulu. Others include Github, Goodreads, and the calorie-tracking application MyFitnessPal. 

  The Main use of RUBY       

⦁       Code Development

⦁       Dynamic Typing

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6. GO

Go has language-level support for Concurrency.

It offers a CSP based message-passing concurrency via Goroutine and Channel. The biggest USP of Go is its language design and simplicity.

It has successfully combined the simplicity and productivity of Python and the power of C. 

According to the StackOverflow survey, GO is one 9th most loved programming language.

The increasing popularity of GO is also reflected in Google Trends, which show increasing traction for Go over the last five years. Go will do the trick if you’re planning to develop the underlying services for your app.

More than that, Go is good for scalable high-performance apps. Below, we list some apps and services that are enjoying the benefits of Go to the max.

Similar to Python, Go is easier than most other languages to read and write. You don’t need a huge tech stack if you’re using Go for your project.

Apps created in Go compile to native machine code and don’t need an interpreter or virtual machine. This also means that Go apps will work faster and won’t require the warming up.

The Main use of GO  

  • System Programming
  • Serverless Computing
  • Business Application
  • Cloud-Native Development
  • IoT

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Kotlin is popularity has been soaring since Google declared it as the official language for android app development.

It is primarily used to write Android apps and used in companies like Slack, Lyft, Square, Pinterest, and more.

This language is way more readable too, once you understand its syntax. It’s not verbose, like Java. It is crisp, concise, and reduces a lot of much of the boilerplate code that developers must write every day. 

The StackOverflow survey placed it as the second most loved programming language among developers.

And with 72.6%, Kotlin is most loved in the programming languages and in India, the average package is 288k.

Kotlin can help make your life as an Android developer a lot easier. While developers sometimes go overboard when using cutting-edge technologies that aren’t battle-hardened, new tools do get developers fired up to build awesome things.

 If your dream job is to develop apps for Android, Kotlin is worth learning. Kotlin works great with all existing Java libraries, frameworks and runs with the same level of performance as Java. You have very little to worry about in with continuing support because a well-established company backs it. JetBrains specializes in creating some of the most used IDEs in the world. 

The main use of KOTLIN

  • Android Development
  • Eliminating Null References
  • A solution to Java’s flaws
  • String Insertion

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8. PHP

PHP stands for Hypertext preprocessor.

It is one of the highly productive Server-Side Web development programming languages. As a result, it is widely used in the industry to develop a Web application at a rapid pace. The most prominent social networking Facebook was developed in it.

Its code may be embedded into HTML code, or it can be used in combination with various web template systems, web content management systems, and web frameworks. HTML is an added advantage when learning this Language. You can even learn it without knowing HTML but it’s recommended you at least know the basics of HTML. 

 As per the StackOverflow developer survey 2019, it is the 5th most popular programming language. It is one of the most widely used programming languages.

The best things in using it are that it is extremely simple for a newcomer, but offers many advanced features for a professional programmer. 

The main use of PHP : 

  • Server-side Web Application Development
  • Developing CMS Systems
  • Standalone Web Application Development

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9. C#

Backed by Microsoft and being in the industry for 20 years, C# has large ecosystems of libraries and frameworks.

The ASP.NET used for Web Development, especially on Windows. Like Java, C# is also platform-independent and runs on Windows, Linux, Mobile devices.

It’s a high-level language, relatively easy to read, with many of the most complex tasks abstracted away, so the programmer doesn’t have to worry about them. Memory management, for example, is removed from the user’s responsibility and handled by .NET’s garbage collection scheme.

 According to the TIOBE ranking, C# ranked 5th in 2020. StackOverflow developer survey has place C# as the 4th most popular language. And 10th most loved programming language. The technology is good at building desktop applications and games.

You can also use it to create a web application and mobile apps, as well as a large company application. 

Although C#’s syntax is more consistent and logical than C++, there’s still plenty to learn. C# is a complex language, and mastering it may take more time than simpler languages such as Python. This means users do need to learn a substantial amount of code to create advanced programs, which may be off-putting for some new users.

The main use of C#

  • Game Development
  • Web Application
  • Web Services
  • Workflow Applications

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Swift has excellent interoperability with Objective-C codebase and has already established itself as the primary programming language in iOS App development.

As a compiled and powerful language, Swift is gaining increasing popularity in other domains as well. Swift is a compiled programming language for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux applications.

Swift creators acknowledged the fact that to build a defining programming language, the technology needs to be open for all.

So, within its three years of existence, Swift acquired a large supportive community and an abundance of third-party tools. Swift with 2.24% popularity is one of the popular programming languages. And with 69.2% is 2nd most loved. The average salary in INDIA is 584k per annum for the beginners. 

There are a few good reasons why Swift has remained one of the most in-demand programming languages since its release in 2014.

Developers love Swift, the majority of them express an interest in continuing to develop with it. The current version of Swift now contains a stable version of the application binary interface (ABI) across Apple’s platforms. Which is a giant step toward helping developers use Swift on dedicated OSs like iOS, macOS, tvOS, watchOS, and upcoming iPad OS.

The main use of SWIFT

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All these TOP 10 mentioned based on Surveys by Top-ranked websites that were considering their respective customers and average packages mentioned are based on a group of people’s salary respectively, Mainly based on 2019. And the surveys are updated every month. Learning a new programming language is investing your time and brainpower.

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